Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis (high city) of Athens is the most popular acropolis in Greece, so the name "Acropolis" is briefly used for it. It looks like a flat rocky peak, reaching 150 meters above sea level.
According to the history the Acropolis was created during the Mycenaean era, and before this there was a royal palace on it. From 447 BC on Pericles' idea, the period of the new construction of the Acropolis began, in which prominent sculptors and architects took part.
The era is known as the "Golden Age" for Athens, and Pericles' goal is to make Athens the most important place, both economically and militarily, and in terms of religion and art. The largest building on the Acropolis is the Partheon. This is the temple of the goddess Athena, who is also known as "parthenos", which means virgin.
The Acropolis is a refuge for monumental facilities and sacred temples of the gods, in one of which there is even evidence of disputes between the goddess Athena and the god Poseidon over the patronage of the city of Athens.
It is about the smaller Ionian temple to the left of the Parthenon, built of marble between 421 and 405 BC and dedicated to the deities Athena, Poseidon and Hephaestus, as well as to the mythical brothers Erechtheus and Butes. This temple is called Erechtheion.
Part of the ancient Greek heritage can be seen in the Acropolis Museum, considered one of the most important museums in the world. The Acropolis has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.