There is no other place on earth like Venice (Venezia in Italian, Venice in English). This Italian city, built on the waters of the Adriatic Sea, is a dream with its intricate architecture, palaces - unique works of art, interesting over 1000 years of history and, of course, a network of picturesque canals. And as it is a well-known fact that there are no cars in the city, the tour of Venice can be done on foot or by renting a boat - only then can you enjoy the inexhaustible "stocks" of attractions and interesting facts, including inspiring art museums. island competitions and excursions to the beach.
In a brief overview, Venice belongs to northeastern Italy, is the center of the Veneto region, and an important port on the Adriatic. Venice is a city with an interesting location. It is located on 118 small islands, in a shallow saltwater lagoon called the Venetian Lagoon, nestled along the coast between the mouths of the Piave and Po rivers. Perhaps it would not be surprising that both the city and the lagoon belong to the UNESCO World Heritage List - because of architecture, because of the unique urban atmosphere, because of specific urban planning, just because of every bit of this interesting natural compilation. The winged lion, present on both the flag and the coat of arms of the city, has been identified as a symbol of Venice.
The industry in Venice is very well developed and covers industries such as non-ferrous metallurgy, shipbuilding and ship repair, chemical, electrical and oil refining industries. Venice is also famous around the world for the production of its famous Venetian glassware, as well as mosaics and lace. On the other hand, the fame of the city comes because of the called The island of Venice. This part is a seaside resort of world importance, a center of international tourism. The island of Venice is also an arena for art exhibitions and international film festivals.
A settlement on the place of today's Venice has existed since the 5th century BC, and it is recorded in the annals that the city itself was founded in the 9th century. From the 10th to the 14th century, Venice was a city of great importance, a very important center in trade relations between Eastern and Western Europe. At one point in history - the Middle Ages, Venice existed as a republic - the Venetian Republic, which was ruled by the Doges. This independent state existed between the ninth century and the eighteenth century. Over the years, Venice has recorded periods in which it was under Austrian rule - from 1797 to 1805 and from 1815 to 1866.
Sounding trivial, we must say that Venice is full of sights - the city has a rich architectural and historical heritage, religious temples, attractions of various kinds. Just walking around Venice is a unique experience for the senses, enhanced and memorable because of the way the city is viewed - with gondolas floating on the canals.
Maybe it's not bad to start our virtual tour of Venice with the largest square in the city, Piazza San Marco (Piazza San Marco) - a magnificent square located at the mouth of the Grand Canal. This is the main meeting place in the city and in Europe as a whole. The square is surrounded by cafes, shops and many museums. It is an interesting experience to listen to the "song" of the bells of St. Mark's Basilica while drinking Italian espresso and feeding the pigeons.
Around the square are other popular landmarks such as the Basilica of San Marco, the Prosecutor's Office, the Doge's Palace and the Bell Tower. Prosecutor's offices are administrative buildings, which are divided into "Old" and "New" according to their period of construction.
During the 1000-year rule of the Venetian Republic, its seat and the residence of its leader, the "Doge" of Venice, was in the Palazzo Ducale. Today, this building has been turned into a museum dedicated to the executive, legislative and judicial branches of Venice. You can even book a tour of the secret routes, which includes access to torture chambers, prisons and the Bridge of Sighs.
How can your soul not be filled with pathos and admiration when it comes to the Basilica of San Marco. This magnificent example of Byzantine architecture, located next to the Palazzo Ducale, is dedicated to the patron saint of Venice, the Apostle St. Mark. Visiting a traditional Catholic table in this church is an unforgettable experience that you can enrich with a tour of the treasures inside, including gleaming Byzantine mosaics and paintings by famous Venetian artists.
The Rialto Bridge is an arched stone bridge dating back to the 16th century, crosses the Grand Canal and connects the two main parts of the city. This ornamental stone bridge on the Grand Canal is one of the most famous bridges in Venice and is an icon of the city. The first bridge built in the city - Rialto Bridge, leads to the famous Rialto Market, where sellers sell freshly harvested produce, freshly caught fish, spices and more. A walk on the bridge will put you in the heart of Venice - both tourist and local diversity - but the feeling you will experience from a tour of the shopping and financial center of Venice should not be missed.
Gallery del'Accamedia is a museum-gallery, which houses a rich collection of works of art by Renaissance artists such as Bellini, Carpaccio, Giorgione, Veronese, Tintoretto, Titian and Giambattista and others. It was founded in 1750 as a home for the works of famous artists and sculptors. Today it is the best museum for the preservation of preserved Venetian art from the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries. The museum's art collection includes over 800 paintings.
Lovers of contemporary art can enjoy the collection of Pepi Guggenheim, located in one of the first museums of contemporary art in Italy. The museum is housed in the Palais Venier dei Leoni, an unfinished 18th-century palace that once housed Peggy Guggenheim. Today, the museum also houses priceless works by twentieth-century painting leaders, including Pollock, Klee, Mondrian and de Chirico.
Although the gondola ride is an expensive pleasure, it can be quite a romantic and memorable experience to experience typical Venice. You can choose the gondola to take you under the famous bridges of Venice and view the buildings from different angles. different point of view. A more economical option is to book a group trip with up to six people and split the fee.
The list of Venice's landmarks is quite long, so we will add more:
- The fish market - today an architectural monument, in the past played the role of a fish market;
- The Bridge of Sighs, connecting the Doge's Palace with the prison;
- Biblioteca Marcana, which is one of the largest libraries in Italy;
- The Ca 'd'Oro Palace, distinguished by its "flaming gothic" style. Today it houses the Franketti Gallery;
- The Palace "Ca Pesaro" - a unique example of Venetian architecture from the XVII century;
- Churches "San Simeone Piccolo" and "Santa Maria di Nazareth" (Scalzi) - a model of Baroque art from the second half of the XVII century;
- Fondaco dei Turki (Turkish warehouse) - a monument of Venetian architecture from the XII-XIII century which is a former palace and warehouse of Turkish merchants;
- Fondaco dei Tedeschi (German warehouse) - a former warehouse and representative office of German merchants.