Naples (Napoli) is a city in Italy, located in the Gulf of Naples. Naples was probably founded by the inhabitants of the then Greek colony of Cumae in about 750 BC. Another city - Parthenop - was built a few kilometers from Cumae. After settling, the Parthenope extended to the foot of the mountain and the old town adopted the name Naples (New Town).
Naples soon began to be considered to be one of the most prosperous cities in Magna Greece. The treaty of alliance with then-growing Rome in 326 BC led to a relative independence. But during the Roman Civil Wars of 88-82 BC Naples was annexed to the Roman Empire as a dependent province by the Roman statesman Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
In both - in the capital and in Naples, early Christian communities were periodically persecuted and persecuted. They often hid in the catacombs, which served as a place for gatherings, funerals and the study of their cult. This situation changed only in 313 with the help of the Edict of Milan, when Christianity was established as the official religion by Emperor Constantine the Great. The catacombs are preserved to this day and can be seen and viewed.
The last Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was dethroned and in 476 been "retired", probably near Naples.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Naples was annexed to the Ostrogothic kingdom. Then Naples and the region was annexed for several centuries to the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium). In the following centuries it was under French, Spanish and Austrian rule, and in 1861 it joined the United Kingdom of Italy.
Naples has been hailed since ancient times as one of the most beautiful places on earth. There are many sights in Naples, but the most important to see are:
- Naples National Archaeological Museum;
- Church Santa Maria del Carmine;
- Church of St. Lawrence the Great;
- Church of the Hill of Mercy;
- Church of San Domenico Maggiore;
- Spanish Neighborhoods;
- Royal Palace of Naples;
- Teatro San Carlo;
- The new castle;
- Capodimonte Museum and Park;
- St. Martin Charterhouse;
- Castle of Sant'Elmo and many others.
In the vicinity of Naples should not be missed: Mount Vesuvius, the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and others.