Bologna is a city in northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Emilia-Romagna and is located between the rivers Reno and Savena. 
Bologna was founded under the name of Felsina by the Etruscans around 534 BC. The Etruscan city grew around a sanctuary built on a hill and surrounded by a necropolis. In the 4th century BC, the city was conquered by the Gaelic tribe Boi (Boii), and in 189 BC it was by the Romans who founded a colony called Bononia. The construction of the ancient road Via Emilia made Bologna an important city on the map of the Roman Republic.
After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, Bologna was plundered by barbarians. In the 14th-16th centuries it was an independent city-state - one of the ten most powerful in Europe at that time. From 1506 it was under papal rule until the arrival of Napoleon and then the Austrians.
The city of Bologna is famous for the world's oldest university - the University of Bologna, which is founded in 1088, and is one of the most developed university in Italy.
The medieval center of Bologna is small. Most of the sights are located on Piazza Maggiore and Piazza Neptuno. On Piazza Maggiore is located the Palazzo del Podesta and the Basilica of San Petronio, which is one of the largest in the world. The biggest attractions of Piazza Neptuno in Bologna are the Neptune Fountain and the Municipal Palace, which houses the City Art Museum.
Another symbol of Bologna are the two sloping towers - Garisenda and Asinelli, which reveal an incredible view of the city.
In Bologna you can also see the City Museum of the Middle Ages; Archaeological Museum; Archigymnasium - the palace of the papal legate; The Chamber of Commerce; National Art Gallery; Church of St. Jacob; Church of St. Stefan and others.

Rating 5 from 1 voted Bologna, Italy