Moldova is the smallest and the most densely populated of the former Soviet republics. It is a landlocked country. The relief is rolling plain. The climate is temperate-continental. The biggest river crossing Moldova is Dniester.

The steppes in Moldova are ploughed and turned into arable lands. In the south the branches are viticulture, vegetable production and fruit growing, and in the north are grown wheat, maize, sugar beet, sunflower, tobacco and potatoes. From the food processing industry the best developed are fruit tinning, wine production, sugar production, oil production and tobaccoо production.

Gagauzia is a region in the southern part of the country, which has been an autonomous region since 1994 and where mostly Gagauzians and Bessarabian Bulgarians live.