Monemvasia (Μονεμβασιά) is a medieval town in Greece, located on a small peninsula off the coast of the Peloponnese. The city is located 97 km southeast of Sparta. In the past, Monemvasia controlled the seashore between medieval Western Europe and the Levant. The houses and Byzantine churches in the well-fortified town are still inhabited and are connected by a long, narrow, paved road to the mainland.
In the past the crumbling ruins have been turned into holiday homes and old hotels, but out of season Monemvasia is almost desolated. Very interesting is the net of narrow streets here, which are often wide enough for two people to pass. There is a year-round connection between Monemvasia and Athens and it is possible because a ferry or hydrofoil.