Library of Congress
The US National Library is located in the capital, Washington, DC, and is one of the world's most important and largest libraries. It is particularly remarkable for the variety of books and other securities and documents.
The library was founded in 1800 after President John Adams passed an act to the Congress, according to which the government moved from Philadelphia to Washington. The Legislative Authority needs reference books, so books that need to be kept and filed are needed. For this purpose, $ 5,000 is available to buy books, and the library is located in the Capitol. There it was until 1814, when the Capitol was destroyed by the British Army. After the war ended, a new building of the library was built against the Capitol.
President Thomas Jefferson, who has already retired, sells his large collection of 6487 books to the National Library. The other person who has contributed to the development of the library fund is Ainsworth Rand Spofford, a librarian of the Congress from 1864 to 1897. In 1870 he introduced a copyright law requiring two copies of the work to be sent to library if writers want to protect their copyrights. So, after these preconditions, a new building was needed to take up the vast amount of literature.
In 1886, a new library design competition was held. Twenty-two sculptures and twenty-six artists apply their skills to create this masterpiece. The opening of the new grandiose building took place in 1897. The facade of the library is decorated with a magnificent fountain borrowed from the famous fountains of Rome.
Today's Library of Congress consists of three buildings - the Thomas Jefferson Initial Building, the John Adams Building, opened in 1938, and the James Madison Memorial Building, opened in 1981 as the Library's Directorate.
The Library of Congress has 140 million units, including 30 million books, newspapers, magazines, brochures, manuscripts, various publications, audio and video materials, photographs, maps and more. Every year approximately 2 million copies are uploaded to the library.
The Library of Congress also has its own Internet resource, which can be used to see all the materials stored in the library. There are also catalogs with current information. Four thousand library employees take care that visitors have the opportunity to find their beloved author and have a pleasant and comfortable stay in one of the 18 reading halls. Books from the library can only be taken out by members of the Congress and the Supreme Court.